There is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion. It may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophesies, ethics , or organizations, that claims to relate humanity to supernatural , transcendental, or spiritual elements.
Different religions may or may not contain various elements ranging from the divine , sacred things, faith , a supernatural being or supernatural beings or "some sort of ultimacy and transcendence that will provide norms and power for the rest of life ". Religious practices may include rituals, sermons, commemoration or veneration (of deities), sacrifices, festivals, feasts , trances, initiations, funerary services, matrimonial services, meditation , prayer , music , art , dance , public service, or other aspects of human culture . Religions have sacred histories and narratives, which may be preserved in sacred scriptures, and symbols and holy places, that aim mostly to give a meaning to life . Religions may contain symbolic stories, which are sometimes said by followers to be true, that have the side purpose of explaining the origin of life , the universe , and other things. Traditionally, faith , in addition to reason , has been considered a source of religious beliefs.
There are an estimated 10,000 distinct religions worldwide, but about 84% of the world 's population is affiliated with one of the five largest religions, namely Christianity , Islam , Hinduism , Buddhism or forms of folk religion. The religiously unaffiliated demographic includes those who do not identify with any particular religion, atheists and agnostics. While the religiously unaffiliated have grown globally, many of the religiously unaffiliated still have various religious beliefs.