france - choose a jigsaw puzzle to solve

France (French: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in western Europe , as well as several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea , and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean . The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans . The country 's 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.15 million (as of October 2017 ). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris , the country 's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban centres include Marseille, Lyon , Lille, Nice, Toulouse and Bordeaux . During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people . Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of France . France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453). During the Renaissance , French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would be the second largest in the world .