Floral design or flower arrangement is the art of using plant materials and flowers to create a pleasing and balanced composition. Evidence of refined floristry is found as far back as the culture of ancient Egypt . Professionally designed floral designs, arrangements or artwork incorporate the elements of floral design : line, form, space , texture, and color , and the principles of floral design : balance, proportion, rhythm , contrast, harmony , and unity.
There are many styles of floral design including Botanical Style, Garden Style, Crescent Corsage, Nosegay Corsage, Pot au Fleur, Inverted "T", Parallel Systems, Western Line, Hedgerow Design , Mille de Fleur, and Formal Linear.
The Eastern, Western, and European styles have all influenced the commercial floral industry as it is today. Ikebana is a Japanese or eastern style of floral design , and incorporates the three main line placements of heaven , man and earth . In contrast, the European style emphasizes color and variety of botanical materials not limited to just blooming flowers , in mass gatherings of multiple flowers . Western design historically is characterized by symmetrical, asymmetrical, horizontal, and vertical style of arrangements.
In addition to flower arrangements, floral design includes making wreaths, nosegays, garlands , festoons, boutonnieres, corsages, and bows.