A capriccio or caprice (sometimes plural: caprices, capri or , in Italian, capricci), is a piece of music , usually fairly free in form and of a lively character . The typical capriccio is one that is fast, intense, and often virtuosic in nature .
The term has been applied in disparate ways, covering works using many different procedures and forms, as well as a wide variety of vocal and instrumental forces. The earliest occurrence of the term was in 1561 by Jacquet de Berchem and applied to a set of madrigals. In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, it could refer to madrigals, music intended alternatively for voices or instruments , or for strictly instrumental pieces, especially keyboard compositions (Schwandt 2001).
Listed by composer :
Fikret Amirov: Azerbaijan Capriccio (1961)
Johann Sebastian Bach: Capriccio on the departure of a belovedbrother
Leoš Janáček: Capriccio (1926)
György Ligeti: Due capricci (1947)
Felix Mendelssohn: Capriccio brillant (1832)
Niccolò Paganini: 24 Caprices for Solo Violin (1802–17)
Krzysztof Penderecki: Capriccio for Violin and Orchestra (1967)
Walter Piston: Capriccio for Harp and String Orchestra (1963)
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov: Capriccio Espagnol (1887)
Igor Stravinsky: Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra (1929)
Francisco Tárrega: Capricho árabe (1892)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Capriccio Italien (1880)
William Walton: Capriccio burlesco (1968)
Schwandt, Erich. 2001. "Capriccio (i)". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London : Macmillan Publishers.