An architect is a person who plans, designs, and reviews the construction of buildings . To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the design of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings , that have as their principal purpose human occupancy or use. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek (arkhi-, chief + tekton, builder), i.e., chiefbuilder.
Professionally, an architect's decisions affect public safety , and thus an architect must undergo specialized training consisting of advanced education and a practicum (or internship) for practical experience to earn a license to practice architecture . Practical, technical, and academic requirements for becoming an architect vary by jurisdiction (see below).
The terms architect and architecture are also commonly used in the disciplines of landscape architecture , and naval architecture . The title of Architect is protected by statute in the United Kingdom and should only be used by Architects registered in the UK with the Architects Registration Board (ARB).