The king penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus) is a large species of penguin , second only to the emperorpenguin in size. There are two subspecies: A. p. patagonicus and A. p. halli; patagonicus is found in the South Atlantic and halli found at the Kerguelen Islands and Crozet Island , Prince Edward Islands, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, and Macquarie Island .
King penguins eat small fish , mainly lanternfish, and squid. They are less reliant on krill and other crustaceans than most Southern Ocean predators. On foraging trips king penguins repeatedly dive to over 100 metres (300 ft), and have been recorded at depths greater than 300 metres (1,000 ft).
King penguins breed on the subantarctic islands at the northern reaches of Antarctica , South Georgia, and other temperate islands of the region .