Frida Kahlo de Rivera (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈfɾiða ˈkalo]; born Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón; 6 July 1907 – 13 July 1954) was a Mexican artist who painted many portraits, self -portraits and works inspired by the nature and artifacts of Mexico . Inspired by the country 's popular culture , she employed a naïve folk art style to explore questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender, class and race in Mexican society . Her paintings often had strong autobiographical elements and mixed realism with fantasy . In addition to belonging to the post-revolutionary Mexicayotl movement, which sought to define a Mexican identity, Kahlo has been described as a surrealist or magical realist.
Born to a German father and a mestiza mother , Kahlo spent most of her childhood and adult life at her family home in Coyoacán, La Casa Azul, now known and publicly accessible as the Frida Kahlo Museum . She was disabled by polio as a child . Until a traffic accident at age eighteen caused lifelong pain and medical problems, she had been a promising student headed for medical school . During her recovery, she returned to her childhood hobby of art with the idea of becoming an artist .
Kahlo's interests in politics and art led to the next stage of her life . In 1927, she joined the Mexican Communist Party , through which she met fellow Mexican artist Diego Rivera, whom she married in 1928.
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