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porcelain

Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating materials, generally including kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between 1,200 and 1,400 °C (2,200 and 2,600 °F). The toughness, strength, and translucence of porcelain, relative to other types of pottery, arises mainly from vitrification and the formation of the mineral mullite within the body at these high temperatures. Porcelain slowly evolved in China and was finally achieved (depending on the definition used) at some point about 2,000 to 1,200 years ago, then slowly spread to other East Asian countries, and finally Europe and the rest of the world. Its manufacturing process is more demanding than that for earthenware and stoneware, the two other main types of pottery, and it has usually been regarded as the most prestigious type of pottery for its delicacy, strength, and its white colour. It combines well with both glazes and paint, and can be modelled very well, allowing a huge range of decorative treatments in tablewares, vessels and figurines. It also has many uses in technology and industry. The European name, porcelain in English, come from the old Italian porcellana (cowrie shell) because of its resemblance to the translucent surface of the shell. Porcelain is also referred to as china or fine china in some English-speaking countries, as it was first seen in imports from China. Properties associated with porcelain include low permeability and elasticity; considerable strength, hardness, toughness, whiteness, translucency and resonance; and a high resistance to chemical attack and thermal shock. Porcelain has been described as being "completely vitrified, hard, impermeable (even before glazing), white or artificially coloured, translucent (except when of considerable thickness), and resonant".
strawberries on the plate - a gift in the form of strawberries in chocolate
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strawberries on the plate

Added 3 months ago by Mila

36

strawberries - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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strawberries

Added 3 months ago by andi

108

composite - ceramics in white and turquoise
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composite

Added 4 months ago by stachna

35

Composition - Composition, flowers, cups.
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Composition

Added 4 months ago by Ela

203

Rubella. - Three pink florets, a cup.
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Rubella.

Added 4 months ago by Gosia

106

something to eat - service, coffee and orchid
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something to eat

Added year ago by stachna

82

Easter - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Easter

Added year ago by andi

61

flowers c.d - cup with coffee and cloves in a basket
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flowers c.d

Added year ago by stachna

83

Easter atmosphere - composition in violet
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Easter atmosphere

Added year ago by stachna

106

Composition - colorful puzzle-puzzle
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Composition

Added year ago by andi

148

flowers c.d - photo in the frame next to flowers
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flowers c.d

Added year ago by stachna

94

of tea - tea in china for guests
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of tea

Added year ago by stachna

90

Strawberry set - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Strawberry set

Added year ago by andi

80

Composition - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Composition

Added year ago by andi

144

strawberries - colorful puzzle jigsaw
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strawberries

Added year ago by andi

120

Composition - complicated puzzle
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Composition

Added year ago by andi

123

Floral composition - floral composition on the table
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Floral composition

Added year ago by andi

148

gallery c.d - two cups of coffee to start the day
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gallery c.d

Added year ago by staszka

43

mini plate - mini plate or tray
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mini plate

Added year ago by Karolina

61

four cups - four cups for tea
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four cups

Added year ago by Karolina

8

room with a fireplace - faworki on a plate and in the distance a fireplace
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room with a fireplace

Added over a year ago by Beatrycze

90

same goodness - coffee and cake are waiting for guests
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same goodness

Added over a year ago by stanisława

148

kawa i ciasto - filiżanka kawy ,ciastko i bukiet
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kawa i ciasto

Added over a year ago by stanisława

198

jadą sobie jadą - konie ludzie i karoca
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jadą sobie jadą

Added over a year ago by Bożenka

21

upominki - dekoracja na stoliku bocznym
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upominki

Added over a year ago by bronisława

133

świąteczny stół - można siadać, stół nakryty
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świąteczny stół

Added over a year ago by Bożenka

24

trzy dzbanki - malowidła cudne na tych naczyniach
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trzy dzbanki

Added over a year ago by basiunia

333

szara kula - szara kula z cudeńkami
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szara kula

Added over a year ago by Bożenka

38