porcelain

Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating materials, generally including kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between 1,200 and 1,400 °C (2,200 and 2,600 °F). The toughness, strength, and translucence of porcelain, relative to other types of pottery, arises mainly from vitrification and the formation of the mineral mullite within the body at these high temperatures. Porcelain slowly evolved in China and was finally achieved (depending on the definition used) at some point about 2,000 to 1,200 years ago, then slowly spread to other East Asian countries, and finally Europe and the rest of the world. Its manufacturing process is more demanding than that for earthenware and stoneware, the two other main types of pottery, and it has usually been regarded as the most prestigious type of pottery for its delicacy, strength, and its white colour. It combines well with both glazes and paint, and can be modelled very well, allowing a huge range of decorative treatments in tablewares, vessels and figurines. It also has many uses in technology and industry. The European name, porcelain in English, come from the old Italian porcellana (cowrie shell) because of its resemblance to the translucent surface of the shell. Porcelain is also referred to as china or fine china in some English-speaking countries, as it was first seen in imports from China. Properties associated with porcelain include low permeability and elasticity; considerable strength, hardness, toughness, whiteness, translucency and resonance; and a high resistance to chemical attack and thermal shock. Porcelain has been described as being "completely vitrified, hard, impermeable (even before glazing), white or artificially coloured, translucent (except when of considerable thickness), and resonant".
composite - ceramics in white and turquoise
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composite

Added 2 weeks ago by stachna

22

Composition - Composition, flowers, cups.
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Composition

Added 4 weeks ago by Ela

163

Rubella. - Three pink florets, a cup.
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Rubella.

Added 4 weeks ago by Gosia

83

something to eat - service, coffee and orchid
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something to eat

Added 2 months ago by stachna

70

flowers - nature itself - daffodils in a pot on a table
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flowers - nature itself

Added 2 months ago by Basiunia

102

Easter - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Easter

Added 3 months ago by andi

52

flowers c.d - cup with coffee and cloves in a basket
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flowers c.d

Added 3 months ago by stachna

75

Easter atmosphere - composition in violet
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Easter atmosphere

Added 3 months ago by stachna

106

Composition - colorful puzzle-puzzle
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Composition

Added 3 months ago by andi

135

flowers c.d - photo in the frame next to flowers
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flowers c.d

Added 4 months ago by stachna

86

of tea - tea in china for guests
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of tea

Added 4 months ago by stachna

77

Strawberry set - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Strawberry set

Added 4 months ago by andi

70

Composition - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Composition

Added 4 months ago by andi

115

strawberries - colorful puzzle jigsaw
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strawberries

Added year ago by andi

119

Composition - complicated puzzle
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Composition

Added year ago by andi

121

Floral composition - floral composition on the table
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Floral composition

Added year ago by andi

140

gallery c.d - two cups of coffee to start the day
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gallery c.d

Added year ago by staszka

40

mini plate - mini plate or tray
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mini plate

Added year ago by Karolina

58

four cups - four cups for tea
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four cups

Added year ago by Karolina

8

same goodness - coffee and cake are waiting for guests
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same goodness

Added year ago by stanisława

147

kawa i ciasto - filiżanka kawy ,ciastko i bukiet
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kawa i ciasto

Added year ago by stanisława

185

upominki - dekoracja na stoliku bocznym
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upominki

Added year ago by bronisława

133

trzy dzbanki - malowidła cudne na tych naczyniach
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trzy dzbanki

Added over a year ago by basiunia

327

szara kula - szara kula z cudeńkami
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szara kula

Added over a year ago by Bożenka

37