A portrait miniature is a miniature portrait painting, usually executed in gouache, watercolour, or enamel. Portrait miniatures developed out of the techniques of the miniatures in illuminated manuscripts, and were popular among 16th-century elites, mainly in England and France, and spread across the rest of Europe from the middle of the 18th-century, remaining highly popular until the development of daguerreotypes and photography in the mid-19th century. They were especially valuable in introducing people to each other over distances; a nobleman proposing the marriage of his daughter might send a courier with her portrait to visit potential suitors. Soldiers and sailors might carry miniatures of their loved ones while traveling, or a wife might keep one of her husband while he was away. The first miniaturists used watercolour to paint on stretched vellum. During the second half of the 17th century, vitreous enamel painted on copper became increasingly popular, especially in France. In the 18th century, miniatures were painted with watercolour on ivory, which had now become relatively cheap. As small in size as 40 mm × 30 mm, portrait miniatures were often used as personal mementos or as jewellery or snuff box covers.
paradise or landscape - kbhfytfuihygfderyuikiuytrdesdfg
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paradise or landscape

Added year ago by jakub

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World works of art - world works of art
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World works of art

Added year ago by Karolina

140 1

jadą sobie jadą - konie ludzie i karoca
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jadą sobie jadą

Added over a year ago by Bożenka


Fly_IMG_DO_WIERSZA - zdjęcie do wiersza Williama Blake'a
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Added over a year ago by William Blake


Giotto Assisi - Secondo i più recenti studi, il ciclo di Assisi sembra essere suddiviso in tre gruppi distinti: il
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Giotto Assisi

Added over a year ago by pOTEPAnna


Piękna dziewczynka - Dziewczynka karmi ptaszki
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Piękna dziewczynka

Added over a year ago by Halinka


miniatrka drzewka - egzotyczna miniaturka drzewka
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miniatrka drzewka

Added over a year ago by Basieńka


Ikona Trójcy - Ikona Trójcy Świętej Rublowa
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Ikona Trójcy

Added over a year ago by Tokrino


kuchnia matka dziewczynka - kuchnia matka dziewczynka
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kuchnia matka dziewczynka

Added over a year ago by Malwina


Interno tinello - Credenza blu in tinello con gatto
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Interno tinello

Added over a year ago by Mirka


boże narodzenie - ikona bozego narodzenia
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boże narodzenie

Added over a year ago by Jarosław


Mikołaj ciężko pracuje - Mikołaj szykuje zabawki dla dzieci
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Mikołaj ciężko pracuje

Added over a year ago by Iwona


Cenerentola - immagine illustrativa per la celebre fiaba di Perrault
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Added over a year ago by Vale76