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fortification

Fortifications are military constructions, or buildings, designed for the defense of territories in warfare and also used to solidify rule in a region during peace time. For many thousands of years, humans have constructed defensive works in a variety of increasingly complex designs. The term is derived from the Latin fortis ("strong") and facere ("to make"). From very early history to modern times, walls have often been necessary for cities to survive in an ever-changing world of invasion and conquest. Some settlements in the Indus Valley Civilization were the first small cities to be fortified. In ancient Greece, large stone walls had been built in Mycenaean Greece, such as the ancient site of Mycenae (famous for the huge stone blocks of its 'cyclopean' walls). A Greek phrourion was a fortified collection of buildings used as a military garrison, and is the equivalent of the Roman castellum or English fortress. These construction mainly served the purpose of a watch tower, to guard certain roads, passes, and lands that might threaten the kingdom. Though smaller than a real fortress, they acted as a border guard rather than a real strongpoint to watch and maintain the border. The art of setting out a military camp or constructing a fortification traditionally has been called "castramentation" since the time of the Roman legions.
Castle in Kwidzyn. - The construction of the castle began in the fourteenth century. And in the foreground, it's the
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Castle in Kwidzyn.

Added 2 weeks ago by Zeta

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Castle in Bobolice. - A bit like from a medieval story.
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Castle in Bobolice.

Added 3 weeks ago by Zeta

71 1

Kostrzyń Fortress. - Bastion stronghold in Kostrzyn. Lubuskie.
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Kostrzyń Fortress.

Added 3 weeks ago by Zeta

106

Fortress in Pskov. - Fortress in Pskov. Russia.
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Fortress in Pskov.

Added 3 weeks ago by Zeta

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sunset - sunset castle hill
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sunset

Added 4 weeks ago by Elizabeth

213

Fortress on the Danube. - Remains of the fortress on the Danube.
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Fortress on the Danube.

Added month ago by Zeta

218 1

A street in Rhodes. - A street in the Greek city of Rhodes.
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A street in Rhodes.

Added month ago by Zeta

62

My fairy taleKraków - Krakow Barbican in the evening time
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My fairy taleKraków

Added 2 months ago by Jasieńka

48

Karnak in Egypt - Temple in Karnak, Egypt
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Karnak in Egypt

Added 2 months ago by Mila

38

Almires fortress. Spain. - The Almires fortress in Spain.
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Almires fortress. Spain.

Added 2 months ago by Zeta

154 1

Aberdeenshire Castle. - Aberdeenshire Castle. Scotland
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Aberdeenshire Castle.

Added 2 months ago by Zeta

132 1

Machu Picchu. - Ruins of Machu Picchu. Peru.
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Machu Picchu.

Added 2 months ago by Zeta

88 1

Rome - Palatine - Rome, Palatine. The area around the former imperial palaces.
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Rome - Palatine

Added 2 months ago by Leo

29

Rome - Palatine - Rome, Palatine. Worth visiting.
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Rome - Palatine

Added 2 months ago by Leo

38

Czocha Castle - Czocha Castle / Lower Silesian Voivodship
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Czocha Castle

Added 2 months ago by Leo

13

Pride of Kwidzyn - Cathedral and castle complex in Kwidzyn
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Pride of Kwidzyn

Added 3 months ago by Jolanta

68

Church in Macedonia. - Church in Macedonia.
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Church in Macedonia.

Added 3 months ago by Zeta

116

Do you know where? - Guess where the photo was taken!
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Do you know where?

Added 4 months ago by ZiaZay

244

architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture

Added 4 months ago by andi

108

Medieval castle. - Medieval castle de Monbazillac.
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Medieval castle.

Added 4 months ago by Zeta

124

Chinese Wall - world-famous buildings
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Chinese Wall

Added year ago by #Zakreconax3

122

Benedictine Abbey. - The Benedictine abbey on the Vistula.
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Benedictine Abbey.

Added year ago by Zeta

79

Castle in Niedzica. - Castle in Niedzica. Summer.
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Castle in Niedzica.

Added year ago by Zeta

98

Medieval castle. - Medieval castle.
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Medieval castle.

Added year ago by Zeta

95

Landscape - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Landscape

Added year ago by andi

256

castle with snow - mondragone castle with snow
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castle with snow

Added year ago by GENNY

72

landscape - colorful puzzle puzzle
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landscape

Added year ago by natalia

301

landscape - colorful puzzle jigsaw
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landscape

Added year ago by natalia

112

Malbork castle - Malbork Castle. Fortress of Europe
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Malbork castle

Added year ago by daniel

133

castle in Scotland - Doune Castle, Scotland
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castle in Scotland

Added year ago by Zeta

106

Chinese Wall - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Chinese Wall

Added year ago by andi

112