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castle

A castle (from Latin: castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by European or Muslim nobility or royalty and by military orders. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. This is distinct from a palace, which is not fortified; from a fortress, which was not always a residence for royalty or nobility; and from a fortified settlement, which was a public defence – though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Usage of the term has varied over time and has been applied to structures as diverse as hill forts and country houses. Over the approximately 900 years that castles were built, they took on a great many forms with many different features, although some, such as curtain walls and arrowslits, were commonplace. A European innovation, castles originated in the 9th and 10th centuries, after the fall of the Carolingian Empire resulted in its territory being divided among individual lords and princes. These nobles built castles to control the area immediately surrounding them and the castles were both offensive and defensive structures; they provided a base from which raids could be launched as well as protection from enemies. Although their military origins are often emphasised in castle studies, the structures also served as centres of administration and symbols of power. Urban castles were used to control the local populace and important travel routes, and rural castles were often situated near features that were integral to life in the community, such as mills, fertile land, or a water source. Many castles were originally built from earth and timber, but had their defences replaced later by stone.
Palace in Ranis. - Palace in Ranis. Germany.
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Palace in Ranis.

Added 4 days ago by Zeta

130 1

Castle in Wasserburg. - Castle in Wasserburg. Germany.
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Castle in Wasserburg.

Added 4 days ago by Zeta

142

Orthodox. - Orthodox church by the river at sunset.
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Orthodox.

Added 4 days ago by Zeta

120 1

Aberdeenshire Castle. - Aberdeenshire Castle. Scotland
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Aberdeenshire Castle.

Added 2 weeks ago by Zeta

126 1

Scotney Castle. England. - Scotney Castle. Kent. England.
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Scotney Castle. England.

Added 3 weeks ago by Zeta

268 1

Vittskovle Castle. Sweden. - Vittskovle Castle in Sweden.
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Vittskovle Castle. Sweden.

Added 3 weeks ago by Zeta

100 1

Rome - Palatine - Rome, Palatine. Worth visiting.
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Rome - Palatine

Added 3 weeks ago by Leo

27

Czocha Castle - Czocha Castle / Lower Silesian Voivodship
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Czocha Castle

Added 4 weeks ago by Leo

47

Czocha Castle - Czocha Castle / Lower Silesian Voivodship
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Czocha Castle

Added 4 weeks ago by Leo

10

Grodziec Castle - The cloister in Grodziec castle
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Grodziec Castle

Added 4 weeks ago by Leo

16

Czocha Castle - The cloister in Czocha castle
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Czocha Castle

Added 4 weeks ago by Leo

16

Książ Castle - Książ Castle - Wałbrzych
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Książ Castle

Added month ago by Leo

78

Coffee time - Time for a coffee at Książ castle
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Coffee time

Added month ago by Leo

38

Książ Castle - Książ Castle - Wałbrzych
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Książ Castle

Added month ago by Leo

24

Royal Castle in Warsaw. - Royal Castle in Warsaw.
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Royal Castle in Warsaw.

Added month ago by Zeta

189 2

Olsztynek - a city - Olsztynek - a city - a historic building
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Olsztynek - a city

Added month ago by Basiunia

106 1

fairytale castle - fairy tale castle for children
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fairytale castle

Added month ago by Mila

49

Lednice Castle in Moravia. - Lednice Castle in Moravia.
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Lednice Castle in Moravia.

Added 2 months ago by Zeta

206

architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture

Added 2 months ago by andi

33

Pride of Kwidzyn - Cathedral and castle complex in Kwidzyn
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Pride of Kwidzyn

Added 2 months ago by Jolanta

55

A castle with a garden - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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A castle with a garden

Added 2 months ago by andi

61

Malbork castle. - Impressive castle in Malbork.
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Malbork castle.

Added 2 months ago by Zeta

68

Scotney Castle in England. - Scotney Castle in England. Kent.
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Scotney Castle in England.

Added 2 months ago by Zeta

153

Castle of Meersburg. - Castle of Meersburg in Germany.
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Castle of Meersburg.

Added 2 months ago by Zeta

41

Landscape - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Landscape

Added 2 months ago by andi

178 1

Small castle - Beautiful castle - beautiful landscape
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Small castle

Added 2 months ago by Wiesia

23 1

Landscape-painting - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Landscape-painting

Added 2 months ago by andi

496

architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture

Added 2 months ago by andi

88

architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture

Added 2 months ago by andi

147

Landscape - colorful puzzle-puzzle
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Landscape

Added 2 months ago by andi

226

Landscape - colorful puzzle-puzzle
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Landscape

Added 2 months ago by andi

197

Hogwarts 2.0 - Hogwarts School of Magic and Sorcery
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Hogwarts 2.0

Added 2 months ago by Nathan Lestrange

154