castle

A castle (from Latin: castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by European or Muslim nobility or royalty and by military orders. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. This is distinct from a palace, which is not fortified; from a fortress, which was not always a residence for royalty or nobility; and from a fortified settlement, which was a public defence – though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Usage of the term has varied over time and has been applied to structures as diverse as hill forts and country houses. Over the approximately 900 years that castles were built, they took on a great many forms with many different features, although some, such as curtain walls and arrowslits, were commonplace. A European innovation, castles originated in the 9th and 10th centuries, after the fall of the Carolingian Empire resulted in its territory being divided among individual lords and princes. These nobles built castles to control the area immediately surrounding them and the castles were both offensive and defensive structures; they provided a base from which raids could be launched as well as protection from enemies. Although their military origins are often emphasised in castle studies, the structures also served as centres of administration and symbols of power. Urban castles were used to control the local populace and important travel routes, and rural castles were often situated near features that were integral to life in the community, such as mills, fertile land, or a water source. Many castles were originally built from earth and timber, but had their defences replaced later by stone.
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Landscape

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Small castle - Beautiful castle - beautiful landscape
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Small castle

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Landscape-painting

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architecture

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architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture

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Landscape - colorful puzzle-puzzle
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Landscape

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Landscape - colorful puzzle-puzzle
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Landscape

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Do you know where?

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Palace in Książ.

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Castle in Niedzica. - Castle in Niedzica. Poland.
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Castle in Niedzica.

Added 4 weeks ago by Zeta

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Castle in Switzerland.

Added 4 weeks ago by Zeta

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architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture

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architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture

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architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture

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architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Medieval castle. - Medieval castle de Monbazillac.
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Medieval castle.

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Malbork castle.

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architecture

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architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture

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architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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architecture - colorful jigsaw puzzle
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Benedictine Abbey. - The Benedictine abbey on the Vistula.
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Benedictine Abbey.

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Palace in Wilanów. - Palace in Wilanów. Warsaw.
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Palace in Wilanów.

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Castle in Niedzica.

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Biarritz. Villa Belza.

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Castle in Ogrodzieniec. - Castle in Ogrodzieniec.
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Castle in Ogrodzieniec.

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Castle in Niedzica.

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Castle in Wasserburg. - Castle in Wasserburg.
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Castle in Wasserburg.

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Quebec. Frontenac Castle. - Quebec. Frontenac Castle.
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Quebec. Frontenac Castle.

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Germany. Burg Eltz Castle. - Germany. Burg Eltz Castle.
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Germany. Burg Eltz Castle.

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Medieval castle.

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Mont Saint Michel

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architecture

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