Olaf or Olav (, , or British Ōleifr, Anleifr ; Old Norse: Áleifr, Ólafr) is a Scandinavian, German, and Dutch given name. It is presumably of Proto-Norse origin, reconstructed as *Anu-laibaz, from anu "ancestor, grand-father" and laibaz "heirloom, descendant". Old English forms are attested as Ǣlāf, Anlāf. The corresponding Old Novgorod dialect form is Uleb. A later English form of the name is Olave. In the Norwegian language, Olav and Olaf are equally common, but Olav is traditionally used when referring to Norwegian royalty. The Swedish form is Olov or Olof and was borrowed from Old Irish and Scots spelled Amlaíb and Amhlaoibh, giving rise to modern version Aulay (see also Mac Amhlaoibh and Mac Amhalghaidh (Irish septs)). The name is Latinized as Olaus.
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