The Italians (Italian: Italiani [itaˈljaːni]) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula. The Italians share a common culture, history, ancestry and language. Legally, all Italian nationals are citizens of the Italian Republic, regardless of ancestry or nation of residence (though the principle of jus sanguinis is used extensively and arguably more favourably in the Italian nationality law) and may be distinguished from people of Italian descent without Italian citizenship and from ethnic Italians living in territories adjacent to the Italian Peninsula without Italian citizenship. The majority of Italian nationals are native speakers of Standard Italian, though many Italians also speak other languages native to Italy (often colloquially referred to as "Italian dialects"). In 2014, in addition to about 55 million Italians in Italy (91% of the Italian national population), Italian-speaking autonomous groups are found in neighbouring nations: about half a million are in Switzerland and a large population is in France, and there are smaller groups in Slovenia and Croatia, primarily in Istria and Dalmatia. Because of the wide-ranging diaspora, about 5 million Italian citizens and nearly 80 million people of full or partial Italian ancestry live outside their own homeland, most notably in parts of Europe bordering Italy, the Americas, Australia and Zealandia. Italians have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts and music, science and technology, fashion, cuisine, sports, jurisprudence, banking and business both abroad and worldwide. Italian people are generally known for their localism (both regionalist and municipalist) and their attention to clothing and family values.
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