Evil, in a general sense, is the absence or opposite of that which is described as being good. Often, evil denotes profound immorality. In certain religious contexts, evil has been described as a supernatural force. Definitions of evil vary, as does the analysis of its motives. However, elements that are commonly associated with evil involve unbalanced behavior involving anger, revenge, fear, hatred, psychological trauma, expediency, selfishness, ignorance, or neglect. In cultures with an Abrahamic religious backdrop, evil is usually perceived as the dualistic antagonistic binary opposite to good, (possibly following Persia's Zoroastrian influence) in which good should prevail and evil should be defeated. In cultures with Buddhist spiritual influence, both good and evil are perceived as part of an antagonistic duality that itself must be overcome through achieving Nirvana. The philosophical question of the nature of evil leads to investigations about morality that have instructed approaches such as moral absolutism, amoralism, moral relativism, moral pluralism and moral universalism. While the term is applied to events and conditions without agency, the forms of evil addressed in this article presume an evildoer or doers.
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