Polish Military Contingent in Iraq (PKW Iraq) - a separate component of the Polish Armed Forces, intended for participation in military operations (2004), stabilization (2003-2008), training of security forces (2005-2011) and logistic security of allied forces (2011) in Iraq. The second largest military contingent in a peaceful or stabilization operation issued by the Polish Army in its entire history (in the peak period of about 2,500 soldiers). In 2003-2008, the command of the Polish contingent was at the same time the command of the Multi-National Central-South Division - MND C-S (Multinational Division Center-South - WDC-P) and at the beginning was subject to its forces from 22 other countries. After 2008, Iraq left a dozen Polish officers forming the 2011 Military Advisory Liaison Team - MALT (Military Advisory and Liaison Team). PKW Iraq has had the following official names over the years: 2003-2008: Polish Military Contingent in the International Stabilization Force in the Republic of Iraq, 2008-2009: Polish Military Contingent in the Training Mission of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in the Republic of Iraq. On March 20, 2003, US troops and allies attacked Iraq. In connection with the preparations for the invasion earlier, on 17 March, the President of the Republic of Poland, Aleksander Kwaśniewski, at the request of the Prime Minister Leszek Miller decided to transform the group operating in the Persian Gulf into an independent Polish military contingent consisting of a sub-unit of commandos Grom and Formoza (involved in fighting on the Iraqi coast), a platoon of liquidation of contaminations from the 4th Chemical Regiment and ORP Kontradmiral Xawery Czernicki. In April 2003, after conquering Baghdad and breaking up almost all Iraqi armed forces, the Americans began creating occupation authorities and divided Iraq into four stabilization sectors: The Northern Sector (proposed in Australia, included the United States), Central and Northern Sector (covered by the United States), Central and Southern Sector (multinational, Denmark proposed, took over Poland), Southern Sector (multinational, covered by the United Kingdom). After the denial of the Danish government, Poland was proposed to take control of the central and southern zone.
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